We study how renewable energy impacts regional infrastructures considering the full deployment of electric mobility at that scale. We use the Sardinia Island in Italy as a paradigmatic case study of a semi-closed system both by energy and mobility point of view. Human mobility patterns are estimated by means of census data listing the mobility dynamics of about 700,000 vehicles, the energy demand is estimated by modeling the charging behavior of electric vehicle owners. Here we show that current renewable energy production of Sardinia is able to sustain the commuter mobility even in the theoretical case of a full switch from internal combustion vehicles to electric ones.

We study a multi-layered approach based on complex networks theory. We study the co-existence of two different network infrastructural layers, energy and mobility, to estimate the impact of electric mobility on a regional scale, with the aim to quantify both short range and long-range effects. The proposed methodology allowed to perform a scale analysis which takes into account a multi-layered infrastructure scheme of the problem. The proposed approach exploits census data regarding commuting to estimate the origin-destination matrix for the EV trips

A Complex Network approach for the estimation of the Energy, M. Mureddu, A. Facchini, A. Scala, G. Caldarelli, A. Damiano Scientific Reports 8 268 (2018).